The second documentary, that covers the lecture given by Dr. Francisco Anguita in the framework of the course given on 15 November 2008 on Climantica in the subject of Science for the Contemporary World from the point of view of sustainability and IT, contains the main environmental issues.
He starts by stating that oil will doubtless disappear in this century, probably not further than 2030-2040.
Then he talked about the increase of geological risks linked to overpopulation and associated with urban planning and territorial problems. He mentions the risk of North Teide’s landslide as an example of how economy intensifies natural risks.
Concerning the Earth’s overpopulation and the opposition Economy vs. Ecology, he opened the ethical debate on the possibility that some regulations should be established in order to bring the planet’s population under control.
In addition, he tackled the issue of ice melting emphasizing that Greenland’s ice sheet has experienced record ice melting during the summer of 2007, increasing the rate about 30% from 2006. The most outstanding example is the threat to the polar bear because of melting ice. According to him, this is again an example of how economy is confronted to ecology since at present it is perceived that the only emergency now is the recovery of economy and therefore, any other priority should wait, mainly those which are likely to create a shift of public opinion and therefore can slow down such recovery.
Another environmental concern is focused on the question that whether the present civilization will be able to stand a Cretaceous climate. If global temperature increases by 0,7ºC during the 20th century, over the next century it will rise at least three times as that. Temperature will probably rise by 3ºC to 6ºC during this century. This temperature scenario is similar to that existing in the Cretaceous period, when such temperature could allow people to swim in the Arctic. This is not possible for the biosphere at present, since the species are not adapted.
Then he pointed out the issue of sea level rising which is clearly connected to a possible
recurrence of the Cretaceous climate. He provided real data on temperature rise in 7ºC in the Mediterranean in only 18 days, and explained that a rise of 3º C in the temperature of the Mediterranean Sea could imply a risk of hurricanes due to the increase in convection linked to that temperature rise.
Taking this scenario into account, he criticized the concept of ‘Sustainable Development’ because from his point o view, it allows human beings to destroy the planet without feeling guilty. He argued that although this concept was born in the 80s, the present development is growing more and more unsustainable. In this sense, he compares the way of life led by someone who tries to protect the Planet with that of someone who intends to bring a better quality of life by using more resources. Instead, he opts for the idea of having a better quality of life by minimising the use of natural resources.
As a way out to the Planet’s crisis he mentions the possibility of life in Mars. He refers to the difficulty to industrialize that planet in order to generate a greenhouse effect that is capable of regulating the temperature so that plants can grow. In this way Mars could be inhabited, but he wonders if this could be licit or even appropriate at this stage. On the other hand, the Earth is gaining 200 000 new inhabitants a day and this involves the need to move one million people in five days so that the possibility for those people to go away is not fulfilled.
Another ethical debate was based on the fact that the Homo sapiens as the last species to inhabit the Earth has the right to make other species disappear. In answer to this, he came to the conclusion that we are responsible for the protection of our planet, and this is not only a claim from the ecologist movement because our consumption of natural resources is over what the ecological footprint can support. Taking this principle into account, he argues that the teachers’ role does not consist of making students distressed but establishing educational contexts that raise awareness.
Another interesting topic he tackled was food. He explained that it is possible that the food we eat every day has travelled about 133 000 km by plane or ship, that is, it could have travelled around the world before we buy it. He criticized the fact that this sort of trade helps the Third World’s economy but it causes the greenhouse effect, emphasizing again the opposition Economy vs. Ecology.
Summarizing all the above-mentioned approaches to this confrontation, he pointed out that there was the risk that the IPCC’s work was pushed back to the background by the economic crisis. Nowadays, the IPCC is the body that has made the most sensible and comprehensive scientific effort in view of the fact that whenever their proposals are objected for political reasons, they refuse these objections if there is not a sound evidence of them. This proves that the 2007 IPCC report is rigorous, comprehensive and it results from an agreement of all the parts. Therefore, Mr. Anguita wonders whether it is possible that climate change becomes natural following the conclusions of 2007 IPCC. According to him, the debate is now focused on what we should do to settle the problem but also considering the difficulty involved in the fact that we are the only species that does not work in cooperation with each other, and that it is the citizens, not the Earth, who vote for the politicians on the grounds of the economic situation. Finally, he pointed out that up to the present, human beings solved their problems thanks to technology, but this problem is so serious that, for the first time, technology could not be enough to solve climate change.
In order to celebrate the World Environmental Day, the first Climantica Conference was held on the 5th of June at Fernando Blanco’s Secondary School in Cee.
In this Conference, the Director General for Sustainable Development and Climantica’s Director gave a lecture in the assembly hall. Following the lecture, students could get some information on causes and effects of climate change in the thematic stands set up for this purpose. Some students, who were trained during three days by the Climantica expert responsible for school activities, were in charge of explaining all those issues to their schoolmates by means of experiments.
During the break, students could enjoy the performances of magicians, acrobats and jugglers. The World Environmental Day celebration was closed with the Climantopia show in which music, magic and multimedia reinforced the Environmental education messages delivered by some tales and songs. The purpose of this activity was to test this scheme so that it can be exported to other pilot schools involved and interested in the Climantica project.
CLIMANTICA AWARDS FOR PROJECTS SUBMITTED TO THE FIRST CLIMANTICA CONFERENCE FOR STUDENTS
The Regional Ministry for the Environment and Sustainable Development announces the second edition of the Climantica Awards whose aim is to raise awareness of climate change among students. The prize consists of a five-day stage in an environmental education facility in Galicia, in which participants can also join on sports and leisure activities. This activity will be developed at the end of the school period in two different programmes: Secondary Education programme will take place from 23 to 27 June 2008, and Sixth Form programme will be held from 8 to 12 September 2008. Unlike the first edition of Climantica Awards held in November 2007, in this edition those projects that were submitted to the First Climantica Conference for students will be awarded the prizes and they will be published in the first issue of the magazine CLMNTK.
These Awards comprise the following categories:
1.-Literature: Essays, real or fiction stories, or poetry focused on an issue covered in the Climantica project..
2.-Multimedia: Formats submitted should have the following features: minimum resolution: 320 x 240, Video Format: mov, mp4, vob, dv, flv, avi, 3gp.
2.1 Short films telling a story based on a script. Short videos (see how to film with the mobile phone).
2.3 Interviews, theatre performances or song recordings
3.1 Photography: Each picture should include a reference to what the author intends to communicate with it.
3.3 Pósters. The originals should be posted to Climantica’s contact address.
All projects submitted must be accompanied by the application form in which the author or authors (máximum 3 members in each team) describe what they wish to communicate with the project..
The projects should be sent to the following e-mail address: email@example.com. The deadline to submit projects is on 15 May 2008.
All those projects that meet the requirements will be uploaded in the website, in the Schools section and published in the students’ magazine CLMNTK. The students will be rewarded with a T-shirt or a jersey. For this purpose they should indicate the item they choose and the size.
YOU CAN ALSO TAKE PART IN CLIMANTICA AUTHORS CONFERENCE
Those projects selected to be published in the students’magazine CLMNTK will be presented in the First Climantica Conference for Students. The awards will be announced in the course of this conference that will be held on the 21 June at the Conference Centre, in Santiago de Compostela.
There will be 10 prizes in each category for both Secondary education and Sixth-Form students, so that 30 students will enjoy the stage in June and 30 students in September. If the projects submitted to any particular category do not meet the minimum quality requirements to award the 10 prizes, the number of prizes for the other categories could be increased, provided that their quality is good enough. Prizes could not be awarded if the jury considers that there are not enough quality projects to award 30 prizes for secondary education students and 30 prizes for Sixth-Form students.To be eligible, projects will be assessed according to the following criteria:
If you come across difficulties in producing your project, please do not hesitate to contact us by e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Climántica presented the project called Climántica Careers at the Orienta Forum 08 which was held at IFEVI in Vigo from the 8th to the 13th April 2008. A group of four Climantica academic counselor who had been previously trained by R&D and occupational training experts took part in this initiative in order to guide students on research and professionalization scenarios opened in mitigation and adaptation to fight against climate change. A brochure containing information on the main vocational training areas was produced. In addition some workshops on “building a solar oven” and “Climate Change” were developed.
New: Yo can watch a video in Climántica TV.
The students awarded the first Cimantica prizes enjoyed an Enviromental Education stage from 31 October to 4 November 2007, in which they performed several environamental education activities: routes into a native forest ("fraga"), orientation games, theatre centred on climate change, a visit to Sotavento in order to study clean energies, workshops on solar ovens, waste management, tree identification and so on. In addition, they played some games and sports such as canoeing along the Ares estuary.
This comic allows young students to become aware of the problem of climate change at a global level and the need to get everybody involved in its solution. At the same time, it focuses on the the possibility that this problem does not only affect the survival of many species, but also on the fact that it can jeopardise the human survival.